The philosophy of the General Practice Residency program is to prepare residents for the general practice of dentistry in which they care for the patient's total needs in an efficient and effective manner as part of the patient's "primary care team." The training enables residents to provide their patients with comprehensive care, including:
- Acting as a primary care provider for individuals and groups of patients. This includes providing emergency and multidisciplinary comprehensive oral health care; providing patient focused care that is coordinated by the general practitioner; directing health promotion and disease prevention activities; and using advanced dental treatment modalities.
- Planning and providing multidisciplinary oral health care for a wide variety of patients, including patients with special needs.
- Managing the delivery of oral health care by applying concepts of patient and practice management and quality improvement that are responsive to a dynamic health care environment.
- Functioning effectively within the hospital and other health care environments.
- Functioning effectively within interdisciplinary health care teams.
- Applying scientific principles to learning and oral health care. This includes using critical thinking, evidence or outcomes-based clinical decision-making, and technology-based information retrieval systems.
- Utilizing the values of professional ethics, lifelong learning, patient-centered care, adaptability, and acceptance of cultural diversity in professional practice.
- Understanding the oral health needs of communities and engaging in community service.
Residents are given experience in the treatment of medically compromised patients and exposure to the field of hospital dentistry, including operating room and emergency procedures. Residents will gain self-confidence, improve their diagnostic skill, increase speed of treatment and sharpen their all-around clinical abilities through exposure to techniques and modalities that may not have been completely addressed in predoctoral programs.
The purpose of exposure to each discipline is not to present a definite course in a special area. It is intended to give residents increased insight into the diagnosis and treatment of each area in order that they may place the disciplines into their proper perspective of comprehensive care as part of the primary care team. Residents will gain sufficient knowledge and experience in order that they may comfortably fulfill the role of a member of the dental profession and participate in all of the activities related to the delivery of total patient care, whether in private practice or as a member of a hospital medical staff.
Intended outcomes of residency education are based on the ADA competencies listed below. The stated competencies are meant to be used initially as a guide for a resident to focus attention on the breadth and depth of learning that is expected, and specifically to provide residents with information required to complete the program. A resident’s general ability in the particular area addressed by each competency is evaluated periodically by the program director using several validation methods and a specific rating scale. These competencies are:
- Medical risk assessment
- Restoration of teeth
- Pulpal therapy
- Periodontal therapy
- Replacement of teeth
- Patient assessment and diagnosis
- Planning and providing multidisciplinary comprehensive care
- Obtain informed consent
- Promoting oral and systemic health and disease prevention
- Sedation, pain and anxiety control
- Hard and soft tissue therapy
- Treatment of medical and dental emergencies
- Request and respond to requests for consultations
- Practice management
- Pediatric dentistry
- Same day surgery/inpatients
- Oral pathology, oral surgery and hospital protocol